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Full text of "Further Sources Of Vijayanagara History"

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Like the water that stagnates until it is set in motion by
the arrival of a flood, an invader's forces should march by short
stages, for a few days, so that they may get impetus gradually
by their conjunction with his other troops. If the enemy's
troops are numerous, he should return (to his capital) having
honoured the enemy with presents. If, on the contrary, he
learns from the spies that the enemy is weak, he should
surround him without allowing him to escape.                   (44)
On discovering that his enemy extorts money (from his
subjects), consults despicable persons, makes peace (with other
kings) by surrendering territory, and treats with, suspicion
people that have done him good, a king should create differences
between him and his subordinate chiefs by secret offers to the
latter of protection and of jewels set with gems. He should
also free himself from these faults.                                     (45)
A king should acquire the lasting friendship of his enemy
by surrendering, if necessary, even one half of his kingdom,
and free himself from the fear of internal enemies. The fear
of the internal enemy is, indeed, greater than the fear of a
serpent.                                                                            (46)
What is the use of needless discussion ? If a king does
not destroy the hidden enemies of his kingdom having dis-
covered them by thorough investigation, and move about
fearlessly like a man in the midst of women, what is the fruit
of his sovereignty ? does kingship beget only misery ? (47)
It is proper that a king should, without coercion, induce
a strong (neighbour) who keeps himself aloof from fear,
to join him voluntarily like an angler, who having allowed a
big fish to struggle with the line pulls it up (when it swallows
the bait).                                                                          (48)
A king should avoid (the following) :—Cruelty in punish-
ment, blind faith in the words of tale-bearers, obstinate refosal
to conclude peace with an enemy ; causing injnry to a stranger
informs him of the harm done to him by other (kings);